Clarifying the wonderful chidush of the great “Pnei Yehoshua”
Moshe Rabeinu Wished to Daven 516 Tefillos to
Sweeten the Din of Six Times Elokim which is Begimatria 516
In this week’s parsha, parshas Voeschanan, we learn of Moshe Rabeinu’s Tefillo to enter Eretz Yisroel: “Voeschanan el Hashem boeis hahu leimor”… Our holy sages teach us in Midrosh, that Moshe Rabeinu davened 515 Tefillos — the numerical value of the word “Voeschanon,” in order to be permitted to enter Eretz Yisroel.
Concerning this matter, the great Goen the “Pnei Yehoshua” writes in his seifer on Misechte Berochos (32:1): Moshe Rebeinu intended to implore HKB”H with 516 Tefillos — equivalent to six times the name of Elokim; he wished to sweeten the Din of these six times Elokim. After completing 515 Tefillos, he planned to add one more tefillah to complete the desired number of 516 Tefillos, but was admonished by HKB”H who told him: “Rav loch al tosef daber eiley od badover hazhe” – “It is too much for you! Do not continue to speak to Me further concerning this matter”. HKB”H informed him that the time to eliminate the six powers of Midas Hadin had not yet arrived, and, therefore, he should desist from davening one additional tefilloh.
We find it a challenge and a mission to explore and clarify this holy idea of this great tzaddik. Attesting to the Pnei Yehoshua’s greatness, the gaon Chida writes in Shem HaGedolim:
“Rabbi Yehoshua of Cracow was the brilliant head of the beis-din and the head of the yeshivah for the holy community of Frankfurt am Main, in the year 5501. He became famous throughout the world due to his four volume composition on the sha”s known as the Pnei Yehoshua. I was fortunate as a young man to spend time in his holy graces; he had the appearance of a heavenly angel”.
It is worth noting that we find support for the Pnei Yehoshua’s opinion from the great Mekubel, our Rabbi the “Megaleh Amukos” zy”a, who was also from Cracow (whose yahrtzeit falls on this Shabbos Kodesh the thirteenth of Menachem Av). In his Seifer on Voeschanan (194), he explains at length that Moshe Rabeinu wanted to enter Eretz Yisroel in order to destroy six negative powers of Midas Hadin.
On Shabbos Six Times the Name Havaya
Diminishes the Force of the Six Aspects of Elokim
We continue to show that the concept of the six powers of Midas Hadin, are the result of the six appearances of the shem Elokim mentioned during the “sheishes yemei breishis” – six days of creation — one for each weekday. On Shabbos, therefore, the effect of the six aspects of Elokim is diminished and balanced out by the six Havayas that join them.
This concept coincides beautifully with the mitzvoh to make a broche, by each of the three seudos of Shabbos, on “lechem mishneh,” a double portion of bread, on Shabbos. The Bnei Yissoschor writes (Rosh Chodesh 1, 11) that the numerical value of the word “Lechem” (78), meaning bread, is equivalent to three times the name Havaya (26); consequently, a double portion of “lechem” would equal six times the name Havaya. Thus, by fulfilling the mitzvah of “lechem mishneh” on Shabbos, we invoke six times the name Havaya to counteract the six powers of Midas Hadin generated by the six aspects of Elokim which are in effect during the six weekdays.
The First Letters of Yisgadal Veyiskadash Shmei Rabbo equals 516
Hashem has provided us with a wonderful source for the insight of the Pnei Yehoshua — that there are six powers of Midas Hadin deriving from six times the name Elokim, which equals 516. In the incomparable teachings of the Arizal in “Shaar HaKavanos” regarding kadish. He states that the first letters of the words: “Yisgadal Veyiskadash Shmei Rabbo” have a numerical value of 516. When saying these words, one should have in mind to sweeten the six aspects of the name Elokim which have the same exact numerical value. So, here we have an outright statement that reciting kadish with the proper intent counteracts the source of the six aspects of Midas Hadin originating from the six Elokim.
We should add, therefore, that since, due to our sins, Moshe was not permitted to complete the last prayer, it is our responsibility to complete that prayer by davening: “Yisgadal Veyiskadash Shmei Rabbo”. By uttering these words of prayer with focus and meaning — these words whose first letters equal 516 — we strive to complete the one missing tefilloh. When we successfully complete this tefilloh, all the decrees of the exile emanating from the six mentions of Elokim will be eliminated. Then, surely we will see with our own eyes that it will be: “Yisgadal Veyiskadash Shmei Rabbo”, His Name will be restored to its complete form, and we will be zoche to the Geuleh Sheleimo Bomhiro Beyomeinu Omein.
Let us all have a wonderful Shabbos.
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